Skip Navigation


Home Browse Resources Submission Instructions About Help Advanced Search

A wolf (Canis lupus) in the snow in Banff National Park, which was recolonized by wolves in the 1980s.

The Bow Valley in Banff National Park, Canada, was recolonized by wolves (Canis lupus) in the mid-1980s, although wolves did not establish themselves in areas near the growing town of Banff. This situation created ideal conditions to test the trophic cascade hypothesis. The hypothesis predicts in the areas the wolves recolonize, the populations of their herbivore prey (elk) should be less dense and the herbivore’s preferred foods (willow and aspen) should experience less grazing pressure. After wolf recolonization, researchers compared elk (Cervus elaphus) and plant populations in the area without wolves to areas the wolves inhabited. The found that wolves reduced elk density, survival, and recruitment, which cascaded down to positively affect plants that the elk browse on. This photograph originally appeared on the cover of Ecology (86:8) in August of 2005.
Cumulative Rating: This resource has a 5 star rating (based on 2 responses)
Primary or BEN resource type
Discipline Specific Core Concepts
Life science discipline (subject)
Keywords wolf, snow, predator, trophic cascade, recolonization, Banff National Park
Key taxa wolf,
Intended End User Role
Educational Language
Pedagogical Use Description This photograph could be used to illustrate wolves, predators, predator reintroduction, or trophic cascades.
Primary Author Controlled Name
Primary Author Affiliation University of Calgary
Primary Author email n/a
Rights Copyright 2005 by the Ecological Society of America.
Date Of Record Submission 2008-04-07

Resource Comments

(no comments available yet for this resource)

Log In: