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An Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) captures a Least Auklet (Aethia pusilla) in the Aleutian Islands.

During the 100-150 years since they were introduced to the Aleutian Islands, the Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) and Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) have extirpated native seabirds from most of the islands through predation. Burrow nesting species have been particularly affected. The Least Auklet (Aethia pusilla) is an abundant seabird species in the Aleutian Islands. The introduction of foxes and rats to many islands and the subsequent loss of seabirds have indirectly affected other characteristics of island ecosystems, such as soil nutrient levels, plant community composition, and predominant nutrient sources (terrestrial versus marine). This photograph originally appeared on the cover of Ecological Monographs (76:1) in February of 2006.
Cumulative Rating: This resource has a 5 star rating (based on 1 response)
Primary or BEN resource type
Discipline Specific Core Concepts
Life science discipline (subject)
Keywords predation, invasive, introduced, predator, food web, indirect effects, trophic cascade
Key taxa Arctic fox, Alopex lagopus, Least Auklet, Aethia pusilla
Intended End User Role
Educational Language
Pedagogical Use Description This photograph could be used to illustrate predation or the effects of an introduced species.
Primary Author Controlled Name
Primary Author Affiliation U.S. Geological Survey
Primary Author email
Rights Copyright 2006 by the Ecological Society of America.
Date Of Record Submission 2008-04-16

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