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Issues in Ecology, Issue 03: Non Point Pollution of Surface Waters

This report addresses pollution of aquatic ecosystems that originate from multiple unidentified sources or non point sources. Non point sources of phosphorus and nitrogen are of concern as they cause eutrophication or excessive enrichment of surface waters. Effects and remediation strategies are discussed. Non point sources, such as agricultural, urban and atmospheric ones are discussed. Management techniques to reduce excess nutrient transport across landscapes and into bodies of water are explained. The report discusses the need to establish controversial Thresholds of unacceptable soil contamination. Issues in Ecology is an ongoing series of reports designed to present major ecological issues in an easy-to-read manner. This Issue summarizes the consensus of a panel of scientific experts based on the information that was current and available at the time of its publication in 1998.
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Resource Group This resource is part of ESA's Issues in Ecology series.
Resource Group Link
Primary or BEN resource type
Secondary resource type
Discipline Specific Core Concepts
Life science discipline (subject)
Keywords Eutrophication, Remediation, Nonpoint pollution, Non point source, Aquatic ecosystems, Runoff, Atmospheric deposition, Thresholds, Water, report
Intended End User Role
Educational Language
Pedagogical Use Description This report can be used for general information, classroom reading and discussion, and as a springboard for more information research. The report illustrates applications of ecology as it relates to our society and environment.
Primary Author Controlled Name
Primary Author Affiliation Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin
Primary Author email n/a
Secondary Author Name(s) Nina F. Caraco, Gordon Orians, Lou Pitelka, et al.
Secondary Author Affiliation(s) Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Cary

Department of Zoology, University
of Washington

Appalachian Environmental Laboratory,
Gunter Hall
Rights Copyright 2008 by Stephen Carpenter, Nina F. Caraco,
David L. Correll, Robert W. Howarth, Andrew N. Sharpley, Val H. Smith, and the Ecological Society of America.
Date Of Record Submission 2008-01-09

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