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Melting Glaciers on Mt. Kilimanjaro

This pair of Landsat images shows the rapid loss of the fabled glaciers and snowfields crowning Mt. Kilimanjaro between 1993 and 2000. With the snow and ice nearly gone, the volcano's crater is visible on the later image. The snowfields were first measured in 1912, and by 2009, 86% of that original extent was gone. Melting has become much more rapid in the last decade. While multiple factors have been implicated, including deforestation and the resultant loss of cloud cover and reduced precipitation, the major driver in recent years has been climate change.
Temporal and geographic description These images depict Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania on the border with Kenya. They were collected by Landsat on February 17, 1993 and February 21, 2000. Each includes an area about seven miles wide.
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Primary or BEN resource type
Discipline Specific Core Concepts
Life science discipline (subject)
Keywords glacier, ice, snow, climate change, precipitation, Tanzania, Africa, mountains
Intended End User Role
Educational Language
Pedagogical Use Category
Pedagogical Use Description These images could be used to illustrate the loss of glaciers and snow cover due to warming temperatures and loss of precipitation, especially in tropical regions. The visual effect of the loss of glaciers many thousands of years old is dramatic. It also becomes evident how much such a loss impacts farmers and herders in a region where the seasonal melting of ice and snow in the mountains has long been the major source of water for their herds and crops.
Aggregation Level
Full Name of Primary Author Patricia Hackbarth
Primary Author Controlled Name
Primary Author Affiliation
Primary Author email
Added By Id
  • pathackbarth
Submitter Name Patricia Hackbarth
Submitter Email
Rights Copyright 2010 by Patricia Hackbarth
Review type
Drought and Water Ecosystem Services Collection Off
Conservation Targets Under Global Change Collection Off
Big Data Collection Off
Editors Choice No
Resource Status
Date Of Record Submission 2012-10-04
I Agree to EcoEdDL's Copyright Policy & Terms of Use No
Date Of Record Release 2012-11-19 10:38:43
Last Modified By Id
  • mcmilla
Date Last Modified 2013-03-28 15:31:02
Release Flag Published

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