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This module presents a science-based story to demonstrate how climate determines the global, long-term, large-scale distribution of living organisms; whereas, weather determines the local, short-term, small-scale ecology of living organisms. Life thrives within specific, often narrow ranges of temperature and precipitation – two main players in climate and weather. Using a systems-based approach, the module first reviews background information on climate and weather components of the Earth’s climate system—atmosphere, biosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere, the greenhouse effect, and greenhouse gases (GHG). Second, the module introduces connections between humanity’s GHG emissions, radiative forcing, and current- and projected temperatures on Earth. Third, the module presents the many ways in which climate change affects insects globally. Lastly, the module focuses on scientific communication with a short New York Times article and a peer-reviewed paper, considering whether humanity can be hopeful in the face of climate change. The module may be presented to students in one of three learning formats—instructor-led, student-led, or student-online. This module considers not only what students should know, but also how they know it and how they can use that knowledge. The module also focuses on timely and current information that is in the news – climate change. It is the first of three modules linking global climate, ecological tolerance and mosquito range expansion, and human health.

This resource was developed with support from the National Science Foundation.
Associated files
Resource Group LD-FMN
Resource Group Link
Primary or BEN resource type
Secondary resource type
General Biology Core Concepts
Discipline Specific Core Concepts
General Biology Competencies
Life science discipline (subject)
Keywords climate, climate change, greenhouse effect, radiative forcing, tipping points, hope, anthropogenic activity
Key taxa Homo sapiens sapiens
Intended End User Role
Educational Language
Pedagogical Use Category
Pedagogical Use Description The learning module contains 10 lessons; two of which are reviews. Learning objectives state the purpose of each lesson. Typically, a video link or a website link leads the learner through the primary content of the lesson. Following the presentation of content, the learner completes one of various activities – fill-in-the-blank, short essay, make a drawing, true/false, and multiple choice.

This lesson is not timed allowing learners to work on the material at a pace that best supports their individual understanding and learning.
Learners may collaborate with one or two other classmates with on this assignment. Each learner is responsible for submitting their own work, as work completed with or copied from other learners earns no points.
Aggregation Level
Full Name of Primary Author Anne Fernald Cross, PhD
Primary Author Affiliation Associate Professor of Biology
Department of Life Sciences
School of Science and Aeronautics
Tulsa Community College
Tulsa, OK 74133
Primary Author email
Added By Id
  • afcross
Submitter Name Anne Cross
Submitter Email
Rights OER
Review type
Drought and Water Ecosystem Services Collection Off
Conservation Targets Under Global Change Collection Off
Big Data Collection Off
Editors Choice No
Resource Status
Date Of Record Submission 0000-00-00
I Agree to EcoEdDL's Copyright Policy & Terms of Use Yes
Date Of Record Release 2023-05-31 07:09:06
Last Modified By Id
  • tmourad
Date Last Modified 2023-10-13 10:53:04
Release Flag Published

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